Person Centred Psychotherapy
The Person Centred Approach was developed by Carl Rogers. He referred to it as counselling rather than psychotherapy. He also believed that the relationship between the client and the therapist is not a patient-doctor relationship in which the patient passively submits to something that is done to him/her by the healer. On the contrary, it should be a person-to-person relationship in which the therapists talks with the client. By using the word "client" instead of "patient,"
Unconditional positive regard
To create an atmosphere of psychological safety within the counselling relationship,
The person-centred therapist should sense the clients world as if it were her/his own. However, the therapist must sense the clients emotions without getting bound up in them. Two processes foster empathetic understanding, reflection and clarification. Reflection occurs when the therapist repeats fragments of what the client has said with little change, conveying to the client a nonjudgmental understanding of his/her statements. Clarification occurs when the therapist abstracts the core or the essence of a set of remarks by the client.
- Bruno, Frank J. (1977). Client-Centered Counseling: Becoming a Person. In Human Adjustment and Personal Growth: Seven Pathways, pp. 362-370. John Wiley & Sons.
- Rogers, Carl. On Becoming a Person. ISBN 039575531X